AskDefine | Define legislatures

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

legislatures
  1. Plural of legislature

Extensive Definition

'' A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. The law created by a legislature is called legislation or statutory law.
Legislatures are known by many names, the most common being parliament and congress, although these terms also have more specific meanings. The main job of the legislature is to make and amend laws. In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints the executive. In presidential systems of government, the legislature is considered a power branch which is equal to, and independent of, the executive. In addition to enacting laws, legislatures usually have exclusive authority to raise taxes and adopt the budget and other money bills.
The primary components of a legislature are one or more chambers or houses'': assemblies that debate and vote upon bills. A legislature with only one house is called unicameral. A bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an upper house and a lower house, which often differ in duties, powers, and the methods used for the selection of members. Much rarer have been tricameral legislatures; the most recent existed in the waning years of white-minority rule in South Africa.
In most parliamentary systems, the lower house is the more powerful house while the upper house is merely a chamber of advice or review.
However, in presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal. In federations it is typical for the upper house to represent the component states; the same applies to the supranational legislature of the European Union. For this purpose the upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments, as is the case in the European Union and in Germany and was the case in the United States before 1913, or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the modern United States.

Lists of titles of legislatures

National

Sub-National

legislatures in Arabic: هيئة تشريعية
legislatures in Min Nan: Li̍p-hoat
legislatures in Belarusian: Заканадаўчая ўлада
legislatures in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Заканадаўчая ўлада
legislatures in Catalan: Poder legislatiu
legislatures in Danish: Lovgivende magt
legislatures in German: Legislative
legislatures in Estonian: Seadusandlik võim
legislatures in Spanish: Poder legislativo
legislatures in Esperanto: Leĝdona povo
legislatures in French: Pouvoir législatif
legislatures in Indonesian: Legislatif
legislatures in Icelandic: Löggjafarvald
legislatures in Italian: Potere legislativo
legislatures in Hebrew: פרלמנט
legislatures in Luxembourgish: Legislativ
legislatures in Lithuanian: Įstatymų leidžiamoji valdžia
legislatures in Macedonian: Законодавна власт
legislatures in Malay (macrolanguage): Legislatif
legislatures in Dutch: Wetgevende macht
legislatures in Japanese: 立法府
legislatures in Norwegian: Politisk forsamling
legislatures in Norwegian Nynorsk: Lovgjevande forsamling
legislatures in Polish: Władza ustawodawcza
legislatures in Portuguese: Poder legislativo
legislatures in Russian: Законодательная власть
legislatures in Bulgarian: Законодателна власт
legislatures in Simple English: Legislature
legislatures in Slovenian: zakonodajna oblast
legislatures in Serbian: Законодавна власт
legislatures in Swedish: Lagstiftande makt
legislatures in Thai: อำนาจนิติบัญญัติ
legislatures in Tagalog: Tagapagbatas
legislatures in Turkish: Yasama organı
legislatures in Vietnamese: Lập pháp
legislatures in Chinese: 立法部門
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